The Ultimate Guide to APA In-Text Citations

As a writer or student, you may be familiar with the American Psychological Association (APA) citation style. In academic writing, it is crucial to properly cite your sources to give credit to the original authors and to avoid plagiarism. In this blog post, we will provide you with the ultimate guide to APA in-text citations.

Introduction to APA In-Text Citations

APA in-text citations are used to acknowledge the source of information in the body of your paper. These citations are important for directing readers to the full citation in the reference list at the end of your document. In APA style, in-text citations typically include the author’s last name and the publication year of the source.

Formatting APA In-Text Citations

When including in-text citations in your paper, follow these guidelines:

  • Place the author’s last name and the publication year in parentheses at the end of the cited information.
  • Separate multiple authors with an ampersand (&) if there are two authors, or use “et al.” for three or more authors.
  • If you are citing a direct quote, include the page number after the publication year.

Examples of APA In-Text Citations

Here are some examples of how to format in-text citations in APA style:

  1. (Smith, 2019) – When citing a source with one author.
  2. (Johnson & White, 2020) – When citing a source with two authors.
  3. (Brown et al., 2018) – When citing a source with three or more authors.
  4. (Davis, 2017, p. 25) – When citing a direct quote with a page number.

Common Pitfalls to Avoid

When using APA in-text citations, be sure to avoid these common mistakes:

  • Incorrectly citing authors’ names or publication years.
  • Forgetting to include page numbers for direct quotes.
  • Not matching in-text citations with the corresponding entries in the reference list.

By following these guidelines and examples, you can ensure that your paper is properly cited in APA style.


Mastering APA in-text citations is essential for academic writing. By correctly citing your sources, you demonstrate your credibility as a writer and show respect for the original authors. Remember to refer back to this ultimate guide whenever you need help with APA in-text citations.

We hope this guide has been helpful to you in understanding how to use APA in-text citations effectively. If you have any questions or additional tips to share, feel free to leave a comment below.

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